FAO report: The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges

FAO report: The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges

The recent FAO’s report identifies 15 trends and 10 challenges affecting the world’s food systems:

15 trends

  • A rapidly increasing world population marked by growth “hot spots,” urbanization, and aging
  • Diverse trends in economic growth, family incomes, agricultural investment, and economic inequality.
  • Greatly increased competition for natural resources
  • Climate change
  • Plateauing agricultural productivity
  • Transboundary diseases
  • Increased conflicts, crises and natural disasters
  • Persistent poverty, inequality and food insecurity
  • Dietary transitions affecting nutrition and health
  • Structural changes in economic systems and employment implications
  • Increased migration
  • Changing food systems and resulting impacts on farmers livelihoods
  • Persisting food losses and waste
  • New international governance mechanisms for responding to food and nutrition security issues
  • Changes in international financing for development.

10 challenges

  • Sustainably improving agricultural productivity to meet increasing demand
  • Ensuring a sustainable natural resource base
  • Addressing climate change and intensification of natural hazards
  • Eradicating extreme poverty and reducing inequality
  • Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition
  • Making food systems more efficient, inclusive and resilient
  • Improving income earning opportunities in rural areas and addressing the root causes of migration
  • Building resilience to protracted crises, disasters and conflicts
  • Preventing transboundary and emerging agriculture and food system threats
  • Addressing the need for coherent and effective national and international governance