Sandra Rondinini


Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry at DC UNIMI

Expertise:  inorganic synthesis, electrochemistry, electrocatalysis, photoelectrochemistry

Sandra Rondinini, born in 1951, “laureata cum laude” in Chemistry in 1975, Associate Professor in 1985. Her research activity covers the wide field of fundamental and applied electrochemistry. Her experience ranges from equilibrium electrochemistry to membrane phenomena for both sensors and industrial separation technologies, to metrological aspects of pH definition and standardisation (> 20 years as IUPAC Officer in Electroanalytical Chemistry), to electrochemical syntheses of organic compounds, and is now focused on the integrated fields of environmental protection and sustainable development of energy sources. Her most recent research themes cover the interfacial phenomena at the base of the electrode-substrate heterogeneous electron transfers, applied to (i) discover and elucidation of Ag-based cathodes for the electroreduction of halogenated organic compounds, for which she is an internationally recognised authority (ii) mixed metal oxide electrocatalysts for water oxidation and oxygen reduction in primary and secondary batteries, (iii) photoelectrochemical devices for direct solar-to-chemical energy conversion (iv) chemically modified electrodes for sensors and electronics. Her studies extend to the design, testing and operation of  electrochemical cells, and to the development of innovative methodologies for the rapid and reliable determination of key material properties.

She has authored and co-authored over 160 publications on national and international, peer reviewed journals, 2 patents and several invited communications to national and international meetings. In her activity she cooperates with Italian and foreign Groups, and in particular with: Allen J. Bard (The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA), Christian Amatore (École Normale Supériéure, Paris, France), Juan Feliu (The University of Alicante, Spain), Dimitri E. Khoshtariya (Academy of Sciences, Tblisi, Georgia).

She coordinated the 2002-2006 EU Marie Curie Training Site on Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science for the Environment, which grouped 14 Professors and Researches of the Department of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the University of Milano, and  offered training activities in all the fields of fundamental and applied electrochemistry, hosting 10 Fellows in 4 years. Her most recent participation to national and international Bodies and Organizations is: 2007-to-date, Member of the WP on Chemistry and Energy of EuCheMS; 2011-to-date Member of the Board of Directors of FAST (Milan, Italy); 2011-2013, President of the Lombardia Section of the Italian Chemical Society (SCI); 2005-2007 President of the SCI Division of Electrochemistry. Recent financed projects: COST project on “Green Organic Electrochemistry” (Universities of Pairgi12, Milano, Belfast, Coimbra, Kiev and Udine); PRIN 2008 Coordinator of the Unit on “Multiphase matrices based on nanostructured metal oxides for oxygen reduction electrodes in direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFC)”.

Her teaching activity, started in 1979 within the Industrial Chemistry Curriculum (Electrical Measurements and Process Control, Electrochemistry, Industrial Electrochemistry), now covers the basic course of Physical Chemistry (Bachelor Degree in Industrial Chemistry) and the advanced courses of Environmental Electrochemistry (up to 2014), and Energy Sources and Energy Conversion for the Master Degrees in Chemical Sciences and Industrial Chemistry..



1). A. Minguzzi, O. Lugaresi, E. Achilli, C. Locatelli, A. Vertova, P. Ghigna and S. Rondinini, Observing the Oxidation State Turnover in Heterogeneous Iridium-Based Water Oxidation Catalysts, Chem. Sci., 5 (2014), 3591-3597 DOI: 10.1039/C4SC00975D, open access

The paper in open access mode

2). A. Minguzzi, C. M. Sánchez-Sánchez, A. Gallo, V. Montiel, S. Rondinini, Evidence of facilitated electron transfer on hydrogenated self-doped TiO2 nanocrystals, ChemElectroChem, 1 (2014) 1415-1421 DOI: 10.1002/celc.201300226

3). O. Lugaresi, H. Encontre; C. Locatelli, A. Minguzzi, A. Vertova, S. Rondinini; Ch. Comninellis, Gas-phase volatile organic chloride electroreduction: a versatile experimental setup for electrolytic dechlorination and voltammetric analysis, Electrochem. Commun. 44C (2014) 63-65

4). O. V. Klymenko, O. Buriez, E. Labbe, Dongping Zhan, S. Rondinini, Z.-Q. Tian, I. Svir, Ch. Amatore, Uncovering a Missing Link between Molecular Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis: Mechanism of Benzyl Chloride Reduction at Silver Cathodes, ChemElectroChem 2014, 1, 227-240; DOI: 10.1002/celc.201300101

5). A. Minguzzi, O. Lugaresi, C. Locatelli, S. Rondinini, F. D’Acapito, E. Achilli, P. Ghigna, Fixed Energy X-Ray Absorption Voltammetry, Anal. Chem. 85 (2013) 7009-7013

6). A. Minguzzi, Fu-Ren F. Fan, A. Vertova, S. Rondinini, A. J. Bard, Dynamic potential–pH diagrams application to electrocatalysts for water oxidation, Chem. Sci. 3 (2012) 217-229

7). A. Minguzzi, C. Locatelli, G. Cappelletti, C. L. Bianchi, A. Vertova, S. Ardizzone, S. Rondinini, Designing materials by means of the cavity-microelectrode: the introduction of the quantitative rapid screening toward a highly efficient catalyst for water oxidation, J. Mater. Chem. 22  (2012) 8896-8902

8). Y.F. Huang, D.Y. Wu, A. Wang, B. Ren, S. Rondinini, Z.Q. Tian, C. Amatore, Bridging the gap between electrochemical and organometallic activation: benzyl chloride reduction at silver cathodes, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 17199-17210

9). A. Wang, Y.-F. Huang, U. K. Sur, D.-Y. Wu, B. Ren, S. Rondinini, Ch.n Amatore, Z.-Q. Tian, In Situ Identification of Intermediates of Benzyl Chloride Reduction at a Silver Electrode by SERS Coupled with DFT Calculations, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 9534-9536

10). A. Minguzzi, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, J. Rodriguez Lopez, S. Rondinini, A. J. Bard, Rapid Screening of Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy using a Shielded Tip  Approach, Anal. Chem. 80 (2008) 4055-4064