This is the second edition of the Migration Observatory annual report on immigrant integration. Over the past year, the relevance of immigration as a European policy issue has, if possible, increased. The attention devoted to undocumented migration pressure at the European borders leads sometimes to overlook the fact that one in ten residents of EU countries in 2016 were born abroad: their successful integration is a major EU policy challenge.
Using data from the latest edition of the European Labour Force Survey (2016) and from several quarters of the Italian Labour Force Survey (spanning the period 2009-2017), this report provides first a fresh and updated overview of the labour market integration of immigrants in Europe. It then analyses the labour market integration of immigrants in Italy, paying special attention to their assimilation over time.