PhD student profile, Paola Biscotti

PhD Student: Paola Biscotti (ORCID n. 0000-0002-1784-5363)


Supervisor: Dott. Daniela Martini, DeFENS

Co-tutor: Prof. Patrizia Riso, DeFENS

Dean: Prof. Diego Mora

Research area: Food Science and Nutrition


Research topic

Promotion of healthy and sustainable diets – Valorization of milk and milk products in healthy and sustainable food models (VALILAT)


Project Synopsis

Current food system has an important impact on two of the main challenges of our time: malnutrition and the depletion of the environmental resources. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop sustainable healthy diets that promote individuals’ health and have low environmental impact. In this context, the dairy sector is frequently the object of unfavorable communication often not supported by scientific evidence, thus there is need of further research able to demonstrate that milk and dairy products can be part of sustainable healthy diets. Based on these concerns, the present project aims to: i) elaborate and optimize a sustainable and healthy Mediterranean-based dietary pattern including milk and dairy products ii) compare its nutrient adequacy and environmental impact with those of a dietary pattern in which dairy foods are replaced with plant-based products; iii) investigate the impact of the optimized dietary pattern on nutritional, metabolic and physiological status.


Project keywords

Sustainability, Dietary patterns, Dairy, Health



Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences DeFENS -Dipartimento di scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l’Ambiente


Division of Human Nutrition – Sezione di Nutrizione Umana – Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano

Email address:



Fellowship sponsor: Programma Operativo Nazionale (PON) “Ricerca e Innovazione” 2014-2020 – Action IV.5 “Doctorates on green topics”; Parmalat S.p.A.

Project sponsor: Parmalat S.p.A.



Publications with impact factor (peer reviewed)

Vinelli, V., Biscotti, P., Martini, D., Del Bo’, C., Marino, M., Meroño, T., Nikoloudaki, O., Calabrese, F. M., Turroni, S., Taverniti, V., Unión Caballero, A., Andrés-Lacueva, C., Porrini, M., Gobbetti, M., De Angelis, M., Brigidi, P., Pinart, M., Nimptsch, K., Guglielmetti, S., & Riso, P. (2022). Effects of Dietary Fibers on Short-Chain Fatty Acids and Gut Microbiota Composition in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review. Nutrients, 14(13), 2559. doi:10.3390/nu14132559

Tucci, M., Martini, D., Marino, M., Del Bo’, C., Vinelli, V., Biscotti, P., Parisi, C., De Amicis, R., Battezzati, A., Bertoli, S., Porrini, M., & Riso, P. (2022). The Environmental Impact of an Italian-Mediterranean Dietary Pattern Based on the EAT-Lancet Reference Diet (EAT-IT). Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 11(21), 33. doi:10.3390/foods11213352

Biscotti, P., Del Bo’, C., Carvalho, C., Torres, D., Reboul, E., Pellegrini, B., Vinelli, V., Polito, A., Censi, L., Porrini, M., Martini, D., & Riso, P. (2023). Can the Substitution of Milk with Plant-Based Drinks Affect Health-Related Markers? A Systematic Review of Human Intervention Studies in Adults. Nutrients, 15(11), 2603. doi:10.3390/nu15112603


Communications to congresses

Valorization of milk and dairy products in healthy and sustainable dietary patterns – Workshop on the Developments in the Italian PhD Research on Food Science Technology and Biotechnology, 2022 – Asti, Italy. Poster.

Nutritional impact of replacing cow’s milk with plant-based drinks in a dietary plan in line with the Italian Dietary Guidelines – National Congress SINU, 2023 – Arezzo, Italy. Poster.



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